Monday, December 5, 2016

How to build uwsgi from source and run as a service

As you might have already noticed, I always deploy python applications using uwsgi and nginx. But I didn't write yet how to install uwsgi. Probably there is some version in repository, but I don't really care about it. I know it's old and not what I actually need.

I need to build uwsgi with plugin support, which would allow me to work both with python 3 and 2. Then I will create service config file, so that you can use it as service. Sounds good, isn't it? Let's do it then.

1. Download uwsgi and extract it
cd ~
curl -O http://projects.unbit.it/downloads/uwsgi-2.0.12.tar.gz
tar -xvzf uwsgi-2.0.12.tar.gz

Sunday, November 27, 2016

Why Python is not good for multi-threading?

Recently I was asked this question during screening interview at Yandex (Russian search engine), and they screened fairly well from me. They said: you're cool guy, but try again after a year. You're ok for junior, but not for senior position.

Long time ago I read on some blog that multi-threading is not good idea for Python. That's the only thing came to my mind at the interview. So I only answered that's not good idea, because it will require a lot of memory. Quite silly answer.

Then the interviewer said that it's somehow related to GIL. What's GIL??? It sounded like some kind of familiar and intelligent word to me.

After that, I googled this blog which explained me why Python is not good for multi-threading. Shortly speaking, all problems come from that GIL - Global Interpreter Lock. As result Python can only execute one thread at a time. If you'd like to start many threads, all of them will be competing for a single lock (GIL). Just remember that. You can't execute multiple threads simultaneously in Python. That's one of Python disadvantages and one of popular question at interviews.

Friday, November 25, 2016

How to deploy Trac on Debian Jessie with uwsgi and nginx

Dear all,

Today I'm going to deploy one popular bug tracking tool, which is known as Trac. At first look you may ask: why is it looking so weird? Was it designed in early 90's? Well, yes, interface is very minimalistic. But on the other side it has own benefits - it's absolutely free, written in Python and open source.

Below we will deploy Trac on Debian Jessie with Postgresql, uwsgi and nginx.

As everywhere else, I'm going to stick to my scheme, which I find convenient. If you have any suggestions what can be done better, feel free to tell me in comments or by email.

Also I'm assuming that you know how to install uwsgi and nginx packages. I will only show their trac configuration files. But if you need more info, read how to build uwsgi from source.

Saturday, November 19, 2016

Migration from MySQL to Postgresql with Django is easy as 1-2-3

Hi guys,

Short story: I started learning Django few years ago and created my first django website using mysql database. Over time I realized how much more powerful Postgresql is. And yesterday I decided to migrate my website from mysql to posgresql. But the main question - how?

First google search gave me suggestion - dump mysql database, then convert it to posgresql compatible format using some scripts. Check this page if you're interested.

I started doing it, but there were always some errors, even after conversion. For example, this:
ERROR:  column "blabla" is of type boolean but expression is of type integer

Friday, November 18, 2016

Launching Ionic app from external link, url capturing and redirect

Howdy guys,

I'm continuing my ionic series. Today let's talk about the following scenario:

Scenario: You have two web-apps: one for desktops and another (ionic) for mobiles. Both of them can send email notifications with some link, for example to verify email. Desktop and ionic urls are slightly different, but convertable from one to another. You always receive a desktop version of link to your email.

Task: When user clicks on that link from android device, we need to be able to open it in ionic app. In addition to that, ionic app should be able to parse that link and redirect to proper view.

ionic - auto install plugins on platform build

Hi there,

Today I will start my short series of posts about ionic, mobile framework for Android and iOS. Don't ask me how is it related to Python. I just needed to do some work for mobile.

One common task, that you need to do with ionic is to build your platform and install plugins. Let's choose Android as our platform.

To build android platform and install plugins you need to run commands like this:
cordova plugin add someplugin1
cordova plugin add someplugin2
ionic build android

Wednesday, November 16, 2016

django-cron running command constantly instead of on schedule

Hi python-lovers,

Today I've experienced weird problem with django-cron==0.4.6 (and django 1.9.5). And I thought it would be useful to share with you.

I had job class which is defined like this:
class MyJob(CronJobBase):
   RUN_EVERY_MINS = 60 * 24    
   schedule = Schedule(run_every_mins=RUN_EVERY_MINS)
   code = 'myapp.myjob'    
   def do(self):
       do_some_task()

Theoretically it should be run once a day. But in practice, every time when I was trying to run "python manage.py runcrons", do_some_task() had been called.

I tried everything, including downgrading django-cron. But the actual problem was that do_some_task had an exception in it. Unfortunately it was not reported in any way. No logs, no warnings were spit by django-cron.

The conclusion

If there is any exception in your job, it will be re-run unlimited number of times by django-cron, ignoring your schedule. Beware of that.

Sunday, November 13, 2016

How to install java 8 in Debian Jessie from Oracle website

Hi all,

Sometimes it's necessary to install newer version of java that there is in official Debian Jessie repository. In that case you need to download it from oracle website, extract files and update links to java executables. It can be done via update-alternatives or simply by replacing links (which is not recommended). Below I will show you both methods.


1) Update-alternatives way


1) create install folder and navigate to it:
mkdir ~/install
cd ~/install

2) download jdk 1.8. The tricky part here is that you need to accept license agreement by passing a cookie:
wget --no-cookies --no-check-certificate --header "Cookie: gpw_e24=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.oracle.com%2F; oraclelicense=accept-securebackup-cookie" http://download.oracle.com/otn-pub/java/jdk/8u73-b02/jdk-8u73-linux-x64.tar.gz

3) extract files from archive:
tar -xvzf jdk-8u73-linux-x64.tar.gz

4) Install alternative for each java executable that you need to use. In this example we will install 3 alternatives for: java, javac, jar (but you may also install more than just 3):
sudo update-alternatives --install /usr/bin/java java ~/install/jdk1.8.0_73/bin/java 1000
sudo update-alternatives --install /usr/bin/javac javac ~/install/jdk1.8.0_73/bin/javac 1000
sudo update-alternatives --install /usr/bin/jar jar ~/install/jdk1.8.0_73/bin/jar 1000
The last number in the command is the priority which is used in auto-mode only, where program with the highest priority is used as default. If you want to understand the difference between manual and auto modes, I recommend watching this video.

5) Configure alternatives:
sudo update-alternatives --config java
sudo update-alternatives --config javac
sudo update-alternatives --config jar
After running each command, change the selection by entering a number, which is manual mode of particular executable in jdk1.8.


2) Manual way (not recommended)


2.1) jdk 1.8


1) Download jdk and extract files as described in 1.1-1.3.

2) update links to point to java 1.8 (you may need to backup original files):
sudo ln -sf ~/install/jdk1.8.0_73/bin/jar /usr/bin/jar
sudo ln -sf ~/install/jdk1.8.0_73/bin/javac /usr/bin/javac
sudo ln -sf ~/install/jdk1.8.0_73/bin/java /usr/bin/java

#sometimes you may need to update default-java
sudo mkdir -p /usr/lib/jvm
sudo rm /usr/lib/jvm/default-java
sudo ln -s ~/install/jdk1.8.0_73/bin/java /usr/lib/jvm/default-java

2.2) jre 1.8


If you don't need java compilers, then you can only download jre.

1) Download jre and extract files as described in 1.1-1.3.

2) update links to point to java 1.8 (you may need to backup original files):
sudo ln -sf ~/install/jre1.8.0_73/bin/java /usr/bin/java

#sometimes you may need to update default-java
sudo mkdir -p /usr/lib/jvm
sudo rm /usr/lib/jvm/default-java
sudo ln -s ~/install/jre1.8.0_73/bin/java /usr/lib/jvm/default-java


The end


That's it. After completing these steps using either 1st or 2nd method you should have working java 8 on your Debian Jessie machine. To check current java version use this command:
java -version
which should return something like this:
java version "1.8.0_73"
Java(TM) SE Runtime Environment (build 1.8.0_73-b02)
Java HotSpot(TM) 64-Bit Server VM (build 25.73-b02, mixed mode)

You can also watch this tutorial:

Tuesday, November 1, 2016

Launch of RuDividends - Russian Dividend Stocks website for Investors

Hi everyone,

Today I won't tell you much about Python, but I will tell you about what I've done a while ago using Python. I've been hard at work (mostly at nights and in my spare time) developing my new service, called RuDividends which helps investors across the world analyze dividend stocks in Russia.

The website lists Russian stocks sorted by highest dividend yield. Also you can find all of the dividend history of any stock in one place both in Russian and English languages.

Why did I decide to create this service? First of all, I'm from Russia. Then when I tried to find any good website with all dividend stocks, I could barely find it in Russian and nothing in English. And more important, I created it for my own use, because I invest some funds in Russian companies and I need to analyze dividends anyway.

I also believe that Russia has huge amount of natural resources and most of its companies are undervalued. Some of the companies are paying very high dividends (risk is also high though). Moreover, this year (2016) Medvedev signed an order mandating 8 state-controlled companies to pay at least 50% of their profits in dividends, which helps to plug a hole in the state budget.

All of this shows that you can benefit by investing in Russian companies. Hope you'll find this service useful. And I'd really appreciate if you could spread the word to as many other investors as possible.

Happy dividend hunting!

Friday, June 17, 2016

pg_dump version mismatch - How to fix in CentOS 7

If you've encountered with this issue:

pg_dump: server version: 9.4.7; pg_dump version: 9.2.15
pg_dump: aborting because of server version mismatch

Then it means that the version on your local pg_dump tool is older that the version of the remote postgresql database.

In my case I had postgresql 9.2 running on CentOS 7 and I was trying to dump database out of remote postgresql 9.4. So the solution was to install 9.4 using postgresql repository instead of centos distro repository. Below you will find instructions that you need to do in order to fix this issue on CentOS.

1. Navigate to this link and choose necessary rpm:
http://yum.postgresql.org/repopackages.php#pg94

2. Install rpm
sudo rpm -Uvh https://download.postgresql.org/pub/repos/yum/9.4/redhat/rhel-7-x86_64/pgdg-centos94-9.4-2.noarch.rpm

3. Install 9.4:
sudo yum install postgresql94

4. Find necessary pg_dump location:
find / -name pg_dump -type f 2>/dev/null

5. Run newly installed pg_dump:
/usr/pgsql-9.4/bin/pg_dump -h {dbhost} -U {dbuser} {dbname} > {dbname}.sql

That's it :-D

Friday, February 19, 2016

Django prefetch_related VS select_related in a single database query

Imagine the following model:
class Parent(Model):
    ...

class Child(Model)
    parent = ForeignKey(Parent)
    ...

I want to list all parents along with first related child.

Wednesday, February 3, 2016

Cracking wifi password with pyrit and NVIDIA GPU on Amazon AWS

WPA algorithm is very secure, and to get the password usually we have only one way - to brute force it, which could take huge time if password is strong enough. But what if instead of using regular CPUs we would use a power of GPU? Amazon says, that we can use up to 1,536 CUDA cores on g2.2xlarge instance, which costs $0.65 per Hour. Sounds very promising, so let's see how it can help us to speed up password brute force.

Below I will give step-by-step tutorial on how to deploy Amazon GPU instance and run pyrit (python tool) to crack password using GPU.

Tuesday, February 2, 2016

Tricky questions: function parameters with default mutable values

Today I discovered one confusing feature of Python. And also decided to open new category on my blog, which will be called "tricky python questions".

def append(num, to=[]):
    to.append(num)
    return to

aa = append(1)
print aa

bb = append(2)
print bb